This peer reviewed article investigates father and child criminal careers using statistical methodology that compares groups over time.
It shows that children of random and chronic offenders have a notably higher conviction rate than children whose fathers do not offend. However, in contradictions to projections from intergenerational theories and studies, which look at the underlying reasons for offending, fathers who offended chronically did not have more chronically offending children than fathers who offended randomly. The results conclude that while there is strong case for intergenerational offending, it is simply because the father has a conviction and not dependent on how many he has. If you have access to SagePub see here for Intergenerational Transmission of Criminal Behaviour.
See below for open access to Intergenerational Transmission of Criminal Behaviour: