Directory of Research

All research and evidence on NICCO is reviewed using a Quality Assessment Tool (QAT) developed by the University of Huddersfield and Barnardo's.

Research and evidence is assessed in four key areas: Methodological Quality, Child-Centredness, Relevance to Policy and Strategy, and Relevance to Practice with offender's children. This ensures that items on the NICCO website are as useful as possible to academics, practitioners, commissioners and other professionals. For more information about the development of the QAT or to review research in order to list it on NICCO, please see the QAT webpage where you can download the Tool, Guidebook and a short step-by-step 'How To' document. Please contact us to submit quality assessed research on to NICCO.

Click on the icons to see a full list of items which have been awarded a standard icon or icon+ (for items which have scored particularly highly) in each key area:

You will need to become a member of Wiley Online Library to access the full article or request it for free from the authors via Researchgate. This article is about research conducted in the USA. It notes that there is little known about the experiences of families affected by imprisonment despite there being millions of children who have a parent in prison worldwide. There were 56 interviews conducted with caregivers who were visiting a family member in prison during children's...
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This peer reviewed research was conducted in light of the large numbers of children who experience parental imprisonment internationally and the difficulties this entails e.g. separation, stigma, loneliness, confusion, financial difficulties, unstable childcare, parenting challenges and movement out of homes, schools and neighbourhoods. Further such children often have numerous stressful events in their lives before their parent goes inside. Theoretically, the combination of these things... Click here
This peer reviewed article investigates father and child criminal careers using statistical methodology that compares groups over time. It shows that children of random and chronic offenders have a notably higher conviction rate than children whose fathers do not offend. However, in contradictions to projections from intergenerational theories and studies, which look at the underlying reasons for offending, fathers who offended chronically did not have more chronically offending children...
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This peer reviewed article looks, quantitatively, at the ways the transmission of criminal behaviour occurs by exploring specific times and frequencies of criminal behaviour as well as risk factors. It explains that the lack of crime related risk factors for children whose parents have never been convicted, means they are much less likely to have convictions themselves than children whose parents had convictions before they were even born. Further, it notes that when their parents are...
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This piece of research has its roots in direct work with three children in an Edinburgh high school, who were struggling at school, as a result of their mother's long-term prison sentence. It addresses issues around why schools are generally unaware of which children are affected by imprisonment, how staff can actively support children and their carers through the school system, and in what ways imprisoned parents can continue to engage in their children's education. The report...
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This Big Lottery funded study looks at resettlement of fathers. The article considers previous studies which have shown that parental imprisonment is a risk factor in the development in familial relationships and conversely considers the benefits to viewing families with strong ties as a resource for protecting children of prisoners and reducing reoffending. The study is the first longitudinal study in the UK and Europe to investigate the positive and negative outcomes for parents and...
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